This outpatient procedure is used to repair a small area of damaged cartilage in the knee. The damaged tissue is removed, allowing healthy cartilage to grow in its place. It is performed through small incisions on the sides of the knee with the aid of a small video camera called an arthroscope.
This outpatient surgery repairs a small area of damaged cartilage (chondyle) in the knee by removing the damaged tissue so healthy cartilage can grow in its place. This surgery uses small incisions at the knee as access points for the surgical tools and a small video camera (arthroscope) for the surgeon to see inside the patient’s body.
The patient is positioned so the surgeon can clearly see and access injured knee, which is then cleaned and sterilized.
Accessing the Joint
The surgeon makes a few small incisions around the front of the knee. The arthroscopic camera is inserted into one incision, while the surgical tools are inserted in the other incisions, as needed.
Surveying the Joint
The joint is filled with fluid to expand it, giving the surgeon a clear view and room to work. The arthroscope is used to examine the joint and locate the problem areas.
Removing the Damaged Cartilage
The surgeon inserts small surgical tools into the other incisions and removes the area of damaged cartilage and any other injured tissues.
End of Procedure and Aftercare
The excess fluid is drained from the knee, the instruments are removed, and the incisions are stitched closed. As time passes and the knee heals, new “scar tissue” cartilage will grow in the bare spot to replace the removed patch of cartilage.