This is a chronic pain disorder. It affects the muscles and the connective tissue (called the “fascia”) that surrounds them. With this syndrome, you may develop sensitive areas on your body called “trigger points.” When these places are pressed or stressed, you feel pain. This condition can affect muscles throughout your body.
Myofascial pain syndrome is a chronic pain disorder that affects the muscles and their surrounding connective tissue (the fascia). This condition may cause you to develop sensitive areas in your body called “trigger points.” Pressing down on these trigger points causes pain.
Causes and Risk Factors
Medical science does not fully understand what causes myofascial pain syndrome. Likely causes include injury, muscle overuse, stress, anxiety, and depression, all of which limit your ability to relax your muscles. Skeletal abnormalities may also contribute to one developing myofascial pain syndrome.
The symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome include muscle spasms and sensations of deep muscle pain. The pain may be long-lasting and interfere with sleeping and other activities of daily living.
Myofascial pain syndrome can be treated with medication, physical therapy, massage therapy, or trigger point injections.