This is a type of chronic, long-lasting, pain. In most cases, it develops in an arm or a leg that you have previously injured. With CRPS, you may have unexplained pain that won’t go away. It may be severe, and it may spread.
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) can be a debilitating condition due to the long-lasting severe pain it causes. Formerly known as Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD), this syndrome often develops from trauma, frequently of a body part that had suffered a previous injury. It usually develops in the arms, hands, legs, or feet and sometimes spreads to other areas due to the involvement of the central nervous system.
Medical science struggles to understand why CRPS suffers do not recover from injuries that normally heal without incident. CRPS does not require significant injury and can result from a wide variety of traumas, such as sprains, fractures, burns, or medical procedures. Even immobilization (such as splinting and casting) has been shown to trigger CRPS in very rare instances. While statistics show that it is most prevalent in women between the ages of 40 and 60, no segment of the population is immune to suffering from CRPS.
As the name implies, CRPS sufferers experience pain, often excruciating and disproportionate to the injury or activity. Even slight contact – such as from clothing, bed sheets, shower water, or a strong breeze – can feel exquisitely painful. Many CRPS suffers will have changes in skin color and temperature. They may also experience changes in their hair and nails, and can find it difficult to move or use their affected limb.
Early medical diagnosis and treatment can help reduce the severity and spread of CRPS. Sadly, there is no known cure. Physical therapy keeps the affected limb mobile while psychotherapy helps the patient deal with depression and anxiety. Pain medications – by mouth, injection, or surgically implanted pump – are almost always required. Spinal cord stimulators can also benefit some CRPS sufferers.