Leg

Medical Resources

16 Articles

Leg

16 Articles

Total Hip Replacement

Overview In a total hip replacement surgery, the parts of your damaged hip joint are replaced with implants to recreate the ball and socket.  This procedure reduces pain and restores hip mobility and function.   Preparation To start the surgery, you are put to sleep with general anesthesia. …

Tibia Fractures

Overview The tibia is the larger of the two lower leg bones and is often called the shinbone. This strong bone supports most of your body weight, so fracturing the tibia can have painful consequences.   Causes It takes a great deal of force to fracture a tibia.  Car crashes and falls are a f…

Sacroiliac Joint Pain

Overview Your sacroiliac joints (often called “SI” joints) are where your hips meet your spine. These joints don’t have much flexibility but do move slightly as you move your body.  Injured or damaged SI joints cause pain.   Causes Sacroiliac joints hurt when tiny nerves become irritated. Th…

Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) – Neurotomy in the Lumbar Spine

Overview Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) uses heat from radio waves to treat the nerves in painful facet joints in your lumbar spine (low back).   It is used when physical therapy, medications, or other treatments have not relieved the pain.   Preparation To begin, you lie on your stomach and …

Paraplegia

Overview Paraplegia is lower body paralysis.  You lose feeling and control when nerve signals can’t travel up and down your spinal cord. This paralysis affects your legs, sometimes also affecting your trunk and pelvic organs.   Causes Paraplegia happens when you injure your spinal cord or th…

Nerve Conduction Study (NCS and NCV)

Overview A nerve conduction study (NCS), also called a nerve conduction velocity (NCV), is a noninvasive exam that measures how quickly nerves conduct electrical signals through the body. It helps your doctor diagnose  nerve damage and devise an appropriate treatment plan.   Exam You are pos…

Lumbar Radiculopathy (Sciatica)

Overview Radiculopathy occurs when a nerve root is compressed as it exits the spinal canal, causing pain and symptoms in the spine and down to the body areas where that nerve extends.  Lumbar radiculopathy is often called sciatica and causes pain in the low back, hips, buttocks, lets, and feet. &…

Lisfranc Injury Surgery

Overview The Lisfranc joint complex is a cluster of small bones and ligaments in the middle foot.  Fractured or dislocated bones in this joint often require surgery to repair.   Preparation To prepare for surgery, you are put to sleep under general anesthesia.  The surgeon cuts an incision a…

Labral Tear of the Hip (Acetabular Labrum Tear)

Overview If you have hip pain or if your hip catches or clicks when you move your leg, you may have a torn labrum. This is a rim of tissue that surrounds the hip’s “socket” (acetabulum). The acetabular labrum deepens the socket, cushions the joint, and allows smooth movement.   Causes You ca…

Jones Fracture Fixation (Open Reduction and Internal Fixation, ORIF)

Overview A Jones Fracture is a fracture of the fifth metatarsal bone of the foot. This condition is treated with an open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) surgery that uses screws and possibly other hardware to align and stabilize the fractured bone.   Preparation The patient is positio…
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